Free download adobe reader for windows 10 softonic
Adobe Reader DC.Download Adobe Reader DC – free – latest version
Download Adobe Reader Touch for Windows 10 now from Softonic: % safe and virus free. More than downloads this month. Download Adobe Reader Tou7/10(). Dec 10, · Adobe Reader XI Free Download – View and print PDF files with Adobe Reader/5(19). Download free Adobe Acrobat Reader DC software for your Windows, Mac OS and Android devices to view, print, and comment on PDF documents.
Free download adobe reader for windows 10 softonic.Download Adobe Reader For Windows – Best Software & Apps
Download free Adobe Acrobat Reader DC software for your Windows, Mac OS and Android devices to view, print, and comment on PDF documents. Download Adobe Reader DC for Windows now from Softonic: % safe and virus free. More than downloads this month. Download Adobe Reader DC late8/10(K). Download Adobe Reader Touch for Windows 10 now from Softonic: % safe and virus free. More than downloads this month. Download Adobe Reader Tou7/10().
Download Adobe Reader – Best Software & Apps
Download Adobe Reader Touch for Windows 10 – free – latest version
Adobe Reader XI
Acrobat DC. It’s how the world gets work done.
Download Adobe Reader – Best Software & Apps
Experts: global trends are working for the Chinese semiconductor industry, and sanctions will not be a hindrance
Two years later, China starts national production of DRAM memory. The production of microcircuits will be handled by a subsidiary of the Tsinghua Unigroup holding. There they intend to repeat the success of YMTC, which in four years from scratch launched the release of the world’s most advanced 128-layer 3D NAND memory. US sanctions have not yet affected Tsinghua and its subsidiaries, but this does not scare the top management of the company. Trends work for the good of China.
Head of Tsinghua Unigroup Zhao Weiguo (financier of development of DRAM and NAND production in China)
Last year, Tsinghua Unigroup recruited 72-year-old Yukio Sakamoto, former CEO of Elpida Memory, as Senior Vice President and Head of Japan. This veteran of DRAM production is directly involved in the establishment of the national Chinese production of RAM chips. Reporters from the Japanese news agency Nikkei asked Mr. Sakamota about China’s prospects for semiconductor manufacturing and heard a lot of interesting.
According to a professional, current trends in semiconductor technology are working for the benefit of China. This area has almost reached the limit of its capabilities, exploiting the classic CMOS process technology. Thus, catching up with who China can be considered in the development of national semiconductor technologies and industries is moving even faster than those who are ahead of it, but mark time. It shortens the distance quickly and nothing can be done about it.
Donald Trump in Wisconsin digs a hole in the Chinese economy (at the site of the future Foxconn plant)
However, in the short term, China can be prevented, which, for example, is Donald Trump doing with his sanctions. But back in May, James Lewis, senior vice president of the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, wrote on his blog that “Overly broad restrictions will do more harm to the US than China.”. For example, the US ban on the supply of satellite components to China led to the fact that there were alternative suppliers among non-US companies.
Sakamoto said he was impressed when he spoke to a Chinese business leader earlier this year. “He told me that Chinese technology leaders are now grateful to Mr. Trump for helping them find a strong resolve to develop technology on their own,” Sakamoto said.
But back to trends. One of the consequences of the production of flash memory with a three-dimensional (multilayer) layout is that the size of the transistors that control the cells has ceased to decrease rapidly. Moreover, they are now about twice as large as those of the planar flash memory, which was produced five years ago. Then manufacturers reached the use of a 14-nm technical process, while today for the release of 3D NAND they actively use both 32-nm and 22-nm technical processes. In fact, says Mr. Sakamoto, flash memory manufacturers have given up on EUV projection.
ASML’s EUV scanner that won’t make it to China
Thus, we are led to the idea that China can abandon EUV lithography for a long time and especially will not suffer from this. At the same time, the country is strengthening and expanding the production of production equipment and materials for conventional lithography in the deep ultraviolet range with a wavelength of 193 nm. So, in China, prototypes of scanners have been created using the world’s most modern DUV technologies: immersion lasers based on argon fluoride. In addition, the use of EUV lithography is only the tip of the iceberg. Almost all other equipment and technical processes need to be changed for one EUV scanner.
Tighter sanctions against China in the procurement of production equipment, raw materials and tools for the development of semiconductors, this may slow down the country’s development. However, in the long term, China is able to expand its capabilities in all related sectors – materials, optics, chemistry, control of plate manufacturing processes, surface testing, functional testing, and so on.
Image source: Kyodo
China has enough capable scientists and engineers to develop its own chip manufacturing equipment and chip design software. “Their national strategy of sending many students to US schools and companies and then returning them like sea turtles return has been going on for decades and is bearing fruit,” said Nikkei Toshiaki Ikoma, a former President of the Japanese subsidiary of Texas Instruments and former technology consultant for SMIC. Hideki Wakabayashi, a professor at Tokyo University of Sciences, says it’s impossible to quickly develop an entire supply chain of equipment and materials for chip manufacturing. But “China has the opportunity to become the dominant country in this area in 10-20 years due to the abundance of talent in all areas of science and technology.”.
“New technologies such as new materials, 3D, improved packaging, AI-assisted chip design, and collaboration in cloud manufacturing will create new opportunities for new players,” said Samuel Wang, vice president of Gartner research.
US sanctions pressure obviously postpones the realization of China’s dream of providing itself with its own semiconductors by 70% by 2025. According to a study by IC Insights, in 2021 China provided only 16% of its own demand in this area. But in the long run, U.S. policy increases the likelihood that China will achieve and even surpass its strategic goal.